The scope of the seminar:
1. Historical background: development of architecture from anthropological needs.
1.1 Development from pre-historic times – need for physical and emotional protection.
1.2 Chinese Feng Shui and Indian Vastu Shastra - development to accommodate spiritual values.
1.3 Development since World War II – development to accommodate socio-economical needs.
2. Spatial influences: designing, handling and experiencing the space and configuration thereof around us.
2.1 Sizes and lay-outs of malls – emotional and cultural experiences
2.2 Sizes and lay-outs of places of worship – spatial configuration influences the spiritual experience.
2.3 Sizes and lay-outs of workplace and offices – open plan vs. cubicles: psychological effects affecting productivity – the factory floor.
2.4 Sizes and lay-outs of homes – back to basic principles – specific form and layout of space – influence of placing and type of windows and doors.
2.5 Sizes and lay-outs of restaurants and other public buildings – customer preferences from different cultures.
2.6 Court buildings – intimidating or seeking truth?
3. Influence of light and colour: influence on emotional, health and productivity levels.
3.1 Influence of artificial light through its intensity and frequency – alertness, health, brainwaves.
3.2 Ideal lighting for specific tasks – scientific research vs. SANS 10400 requirements. Visual performance.
3.3 Effect of natural light supplement and placing of windows – effect on Alzheimer patients, study performance, elderly persons, circadian disruption.
3.4 Colors and their effects. Pseudo-psychological ‘advise’, scientific parameters, established effects of color, color preferences, the NCS system.
3.5 Cultural and other guidelines for the use of color – use of certain colors in cultural traditions, teenage culture and color, climatic considerations, colors in hospitals, etc.
4. Aesthetical influences: the physical appearance of structures being related to emotional experience.
4.1 Politics and style - why are certain buildings burnt during protests? Politically correct housing? Buildings as a political expression.
4.2 Influence of style – trends/fashion influencing taste and emotional decisions – converting homes to offices: business impact – clashing with the environment – successful disasters?
5. General principles:
5.1 Ergonomics as a factor in stress – cognitive ergonomics as influence on well-being of occupants – cultural and ethnic differences to be taken into account – accommodating fitting ergonomics into the design criteria.
5.2 Basic lay-out principles and use of materials to accommodate emotional comfort – bathrooms, kitchens, positioning of doors and windows, type of windows and spacing. Institutional buildings – a solution or a problem? Interior decorating to become sensitive.
5.3 The extra consultation with the client before the actual brief – building a back-ground picture and life-pattern to be accommodated - brainstorming with the client.
6. Case studies and closing.
Six short case studies